Possessive Pronouns



When to use them?


Possessive pronouns are used to expressed ownership by replacing a possessive adjective (or a demonstrative adjective) + noun that has previously been mentioned or referred to.


In French, possessive pronouns have the particularity to start with a definite article (le, la, les).


They agree with the possessed noun in number and gender.


Check the two examples below to understand what this means:


1. Take your keys, I lost mine. Prends tes clés, j'ai perdu les miennes.


2. 'Is that his car?' -'yes, it's his.' 'C'est sa voiture?' -'Oui, c'est la sienne.'


Here "mine" and "his" are possessive pronouns.

In the first example, it expresses my ownership of the keys.

In the second example, it expresses a third person's ownership of the car.



How to use them?


A possessive pronoun always includes a definite article.

Le is used when the object possessed is masculine.

La is used when the object possessed is feminine.

Les is used when the object possessed is plural.


The second part of the possessive pronoun (mien, tien, sien, nôtre, vôtre, leur) is chosen according to the person who owns the object but must then agree with the noun (object possessed) it replaces.


See table below for agreements:












Possessive Pronouns in context

1. Sa maison est plus grande que la mienne. His/her house is bigger than mine.

« la mienne» shows that the owner is the first person singul