Emphatic Pronouns



What are they?


Emphatic Pronouns (sometimes called stressed, tonic or disjunctive pronouns) are used instead of a noun to emphasise something.


They can be used on their own (without a verb), after a preposition or in compound subjects.


In French, emphatic pronouns are called: les pronoms disjoints ou toniques.


See table below:


1. On their own


The emphatic pronoun can stand alone in a phrase without a verb or can be used before or after a pause in a sentence for emphasis.


Check the three examples below to understand what this means:


1. -"Qui veut une glace?"

-"Moi!"

"Who wants an ice-cream?"

"Me!"


2. Eux, ils sont insupportables! They are unbearable!


3. Il aime la musique classique, pas nous. He likes classical music, not us.



2. After a preposition


Emphatic pronouns are used after prepositions.

Here are the most common prepositions: avec, sans, pour, contre, avant, après, chez, de.


Check the three examples below:


1. J'irai sans toi. I will go without you.


2. Il vit avec elle. He lives with her.


3. Quand allez-vous venir chez nous? When are you going to come to our house?


Note: For phrases using the preposition de, the pronoun en is normally used to replace an object but when referring specifically to a human, an emphatic pronoun tends to be used instead.


Example:

Je parle de mon voyage.