What are they?
Emphatic Pronouns (sometimes called stressed, tonic or disjunctive pronouns) are used instead of a noun to emphasise something.
They can be used on their own (without a verb), after a preposition or in compound subjects.
In French, emphatic pronouns are called: les pronoms disjoints ou toniques.
See table below:
1. On their own
The emphatic pronoun can stand alone in a phrase without a verb or can be used before or after a pause in a sentence for emphasis.
Check the three examples below to understand what this means:
1. -"Qui veut une glace?"
"Who wants an ice-cream?"
2. Eux, ils sont insupportables! They are unbearable!
3. Il aime la musique classique, pas nous. He likes classical music, not us.
2. After a preposition
Emphatic pronouns are used after prepositions.
Here are the most common prepositions: avec, sans, pour, contre, avant, après, chez, de.
Check the three examples below:
1. J'irai sans toi. I will go without you.
2. Il vit avec elle. He lives with her.
3. Quand allez-vous venir chez nous? When are you going to come to our house?
Note: For phrases using the preposition de, the pronoun en is normally used to replace an object but when referring specifically to a human, an emphatic pronoun tends to be used instead.
Je parle de mon voyage.